Unique Handmade Suzani Fabric Products
Suzani Fabric – decorative cotton o silk fabric normally comes in a square or rectangular shape and is embroidered with various patterns.
Approximate sizes range from 3×2 meters to 5×6 meters. The unique Central Asian decorative embroidery consists of silk and cotton threads embroidered on cotton, velvet or silk backgrounds.
Suzani Fabric has been widely used by the people of Tajikistan and Uzbekistan as interior design in the form of wall hangings, draperies, and curtains. Some of the best examples of Suzani were weaved in the 19 th century in various Tajik cities.
Today Suzani Fabric is being used an ever-increasing variety of products from bed covers and pillowcases to clothing and curtains.
Products made from Suzani Fabric have reputation for their artistic beauty and quality. Therefore, the demand for the fabric and products made from it continues to grow internationally.
Suzani Fabric – traditional oriental decorative embroidery. This kind of applied art is the oldest way of decorating fabrics. In addition, Suzani embroidery decorated clothing, small household items, as well as parts of horse gear. Tajik word «Suzan» – «needle», entered the root of the word «Suzani» (needle, needle embroidered), and in the general sense means «large decorative embroidery». These unique wall panels are usually hung on the walls inside the premises. Suzani different bright colors and rich, diverse in style patterns. In different areas, different embroidery many stylistic techniques: ornaments, composition and color.
Material – the basis on which were embroidered patterns are cotton fabric, silk fabric or color. Embroidery thread for most use silk, wool or floss factory. Silk thread still made some families in the village of Gus grown silkworm cocoons. Traditionally , paper and silk thread embroidery , painted with vegetable dyes mainly of local origin : isparak (Isfarak – larkspur, delphinium , larkspur ) tuhmak (Sephora japonica) , pomegranate , walnut . However, over time, the Asian markets began to penetrate and artificial dyes. Also used for dyeing aniline, indigo, cochineal, in the latter case, painting a qualified specialist dyer.
The process of creating a handmade Suzani Fabric can be divided into two major parts: the actual embroidery itself and drawing – drawing patterns. Moreover, drawing patterns – is key to the process of creating art as suzani. Draftswomen need to remember the «history» of patterns, not only those that they remember and create at this time, but the fabrics and patterns made for their own dowry. The fact that traditionally were manufactured suzani young ladies in preparation for the upcoming wedding of their own. It could take many years, and all those patterns that they embroidered on these suzani, indulged in «inherited» from mother to daughter. Suzani Fabric role in the wedding ritual is great. According to ancient tradition, first panels were hung in the bride’s house and after the first date of the bride and groom, were hung in a separate room of the house of the groom. They decorated the room is usually long, but eventually some embroidery filmed and evolved into the trunk, leaving only one or two of embroidery. Besides weddings,Suzani Fabric was manufactured for the rite of circumcision.
The process of drawing on a light fabric in the old days was made with homemade ink from soot. Dark fabrics used light clay (sometimes with the addition of molasses). Painted reed pen or a sharpened stick. Now the expert use pens and pencils. Unlike European painting, Tajik suzani draftswomen begin drawing with small patterns, starting with the particulars and passing to the whole. The manner and style of drawing in each region and each draftswomen different.
There are several ways to sew the pattern. In most Samarkand suzani used seam «Basma» (a kind of coats couched stitch technique), which differs from similar Bukhara and Nurata technology. Variety coats couched stitch technique – «Kanda – khayol» – widely used in the olden days. Another kind of veiled seam “Chinda – khayol” – both sides seam used for bilateral suzani, such as waist embroidery shawls (mienband) and towels (dastmol). Also used as edging and special joints for stroke deciduous elements. However, there are two versions of this seam «ilmak» (loop, hook) and «Jurmala» (tambour). In Samarkand has long been used edging seam «Jurmala», performed by a hook («bigie» – awl) and round hoop (Chambarak).
Overall, Tajik Suzani Fabric can be characterized as Samarkand, though it should be at this say that contemporary art suzani differs from the more ancient, less susceptible to mixing cultures of the peoples of Central Asia in the XX century, when the region’s economic development has brought new technologies and materials.